Multilateral Environmental Agreements (MEAs)

Pakistan is signatory to various Multilateral Environmental Agreements (MEAs)/conventions/protocols and has ratified all of them. Consequently, it is mandatory for the state to ensure the implementation of the agreements that have been endorsed. The international environmental instruments (conventions/ protocols) may be divided into five broad categories:

Forestry / Biodiversity

1. Convention on Biological Diversity. ( Download )

2. Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES). ( Download )

3. Convention on Wetlands of International Importance Especially as Waterfowl Habitat (Ramsar Convention). ( Download )

4. Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species. ( Download )

5. United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD). ( Download )


Climate Change


1. United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). ( Download )

2. Kyoto Protocol to UNFCCC. ( Download )

3. Paris Agreement. ( Download )


Chemicals and Hazardous Wastes


1. Rotterdam Convention on prior Informed Consent (PIC) for certain Hazardous Chemicals and Pesticides in International Trade: ( Download )

2. Basel Convention on the Control of Trans-boundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and their Disposal: ( Download )

3. Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic pollutants (POPs). ( Download )

4. Vienna Convention for the Protection of the Ozone Layer. ( Download )

5. 1987 Montreal Protocol on Substances that deplete the Ozone Layer. ( Download )

6. Minamata Convention on Mercury. ( Download )


Regional Seas


1. United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS): ( Download )